brief history of Nabadwipdham
brief history of Nabadwipdham
Shri Shri Nityananda Prabhu at Nabadwipdham
Nabadwip is a city in West Bengal in the Nadia district. The meaning of Nabadwip is “9 islands”, it is a Bengali term. The nine islands are Antardwip, Simantadwip,Rudradwip,Ritudwip,Godrumdwip, Jahnudwip ,Modadrumdwip and Koladwip. Known as Nabadwipdham, the place pulls in a huge crowd everyday, not only in India but also from all over the world. An integral place of Nabadwip, where we can also see devotee like Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. It is the land of Gaudiya Vaishnavism , and the visiting place for pilgrims worldwide who belong to this sect.
Nabadwip was a great center of learning from the very beginning .So much so that it was also called “Oxford “of Bengal, for five centuries. There was a culture that flourished in this area, which was replete with learning and wisdom; this lifted the place among great literary pioneers. Nabadwip is geographically located at the convergence of the Bhagirathi and Jalangi rivers. The Bhagirathi has shifted its course and after that Nabadwip which was earlier located on its eastern bank can be seen on the western bank. This place as recorded in census of 2001, had a population of 115,036, out of which the percentage of males was 51% and females was 49%. It has a high literacy rate of 75%, which is even higher than the national average of 59.9% the percentage of male literates is 80% and females are 70%.
Nabadwip is considered the birth place of Chaitanya , who in the late 15th century influenced the minds of the people not only spiritually but also morally. There are also controversies regarding the authenticity of this belief of Nabadwip being his birthplace. This place is the “Lila Khsetra” of Chaitanya, in other words the place of his play and performance. The place was under political upheaval, when the Turks invaded Bengal and drove the king of Bengal, Laksmana Sen. His capital was Nabadwipdham, which was affected and was on the verge of loosing its essence and culture. The social life of Bengal was under chaos and disturbance. The Turks were taken with a frenzy of plundering the huge wealth of the state .The local rulers, the zamindars, extracted huge taxes from the people. Therefore there was a ruthless oppression and torture that went on which was leading to a miserable situation. At this time, Chaitanya brought in the change with Krishna movement, which was the Bhakti movement. This was a fresh wave that swept over the whole of Nadia district and whole of Bengal. Not only had it touched the low but also the high and all other strata of the society. There was a moral reformation that took over the people and this was hugely instrumental in putting Chaitanya in the limelight. Nabadwip is very famous for this Krishna consciousness and Chaitanya. This has also put the city on global scenario since devotees of Krishna and Chaitanya all over the world visit the place.
Nabadwip hece is a wonderful place, which not only entices the visitors with its scenic beauty but also by being an important pilgrimage. The place is famous for the temples and religious activities that are held here. The Sonar Gouranga temple is one of the prime attractions. The place is rich in religious and cultural history and still it retains it in the present as well.
The Hermitage of Shrimat Gaur Rai Goswami is situated by the side of Ganges near Basak para in Prachin Mayapur. The name of the Hermitage is Shri Shri Gour Kishore Shantikunja. At present Shri Kishore Rai Goswami worships their family Deity Shri Shri Gour Rai Jeew in this Hermitage. Many religious books, written by Shrimat Kanupriya Goswami, Gaur Rai Goswami and Kishore Rai Goswami, are kept in the library of this Hermitage. Besides, ancient religious books selected by there ancestors are also kept here.